We had seen the craziest color changing animal chameleon. In childhood most of us done the keen observation on them, it makes us embarrassed that how its changed their color, how the dress changes with surrounding ? can we do the same ?
Yes that the natural phenomenon called Camouflage used by plants and animals.
What is Camouflage ?
Camouflage refers back to the term cover or conceal.it’s far a natural phenomenon utilized by plants and animals to cover themselves as their environment.In order to avoid the spotting they imitate their surroundings.As a prey they alternate the skin shade or hide in the surrounding, Hence they can survive from predators.
How ? In these animals, cells contain a special pigment named chromatophores, Which is responsible for this exciting color change.The chemical pigment within the cell absorbs light, then reflect or scatter back.
Animals showing Camouflage –
- Chameleon : Chameleon alter the color in different way, some times it also changes the pattern of skin other than changing color accordance with the background.
- Octopus : Octopus hide themselves in dark clouds if they sense danger, They can change their color within seconds: from fire red via deep green to dark blue.
- Green Anole : The green anole is capable of turning both green and brown; it can’t change colors in between, but it can show both green and brown coloration.
- Golden Tortoise Beetle : it’s capable of swapping out its beautiful jeweled appearance for a spotted dark reddish-brownish color, and it seems to do this when it’s upset—like, when a something touches it.
- Grey Tree Frog : When they seated on rocks or dead plant matter, it likes to turn a shade of grey ranging from nearly black to nearly white; when up in the trees, it can turn a vivid green.
- Hog Fish : It also changes colors very quickly, generally from white to red to brown to various mottled colors. Interestingly, a recent study found that hog fish actually detect colors with their skin. They can’t see with their skin, exactly, but they can detect some wavelengths and patterns
- Frog Fish : It looks like a sponge as it sits motionless and also change their color. Light frog fish can turn yellow and yellow-brown. Dark frog fish can turn dark green, black or dark red.
- Spider : Spiders called flower spiders (or crab spiders) change their color. They usually change color to hide from their prey. Consequently, the spiders change color to resemble the flower surface on which they sit through the reflection of light.
- Squid : squid can change from sandy brown to vibrant red or ripple with bright metallic rainbows so quickly.The purpose of changing color is to match the surface they are on so that they can avoid predators. The camouflage also acts as a hunting tactic since it enables them to hide away from their prey.
- Stoat : Stoat change the color of fur by seasonal variation.The brown fur helps it blend into grasses in warm months, By winter, white fur replaces the stoat’s brown coat, helping it blend into snowy landscapes.